The 79th Infantry Brigade Combat Team is the California National Guard's largest combat team. The 79th IBCT is organized under the Army's new modular brigade structure. The IBCT is the Army's lightest BCT and is organized around restricted terrain. The role of the BCT is the Army's basic tactical maneuver unit, and the smallest combined arms units that can be committed independently. The BCT is designed to conduct offensive, defensive, and stability operations. The core mission is to close with the enemy by means of fire and maneuver to destroy or capture enemy forces, or to repel their attacks by fire, close combat, and counterattack. The BCT can fight without augmentation, but it also can be tailored to meet the precise needs of its mission.
The 79th IBCT also has a state mission. In times of emergency, the governor may call the National Guard to perform Defense Support to Civil Authorities. The self-contained and modular structure of the 79th IBCT makes it well suited to provide this support.
serve as the primary maneuver force for the brigade, and are organized with a
Headquarters Company (HHC), three rifle companies, and a weapons company.
The Reconnaissance Squadron of the IBCT is
composed of four troops; a Headquarters Troop, two mounted reconnaissance
troops, and one dismounted reconnaissance troop.
Within the IBCT, the fires battalion has two
batteries of 105mm towed artillery.
The BSB is the organic sustainment unit
of the IBCT, assigned to ensure that the BCT can conduct self-sustained
operations for 72 hours of combat.
The BSB also has a supply and distribution company, a field maintenance
company, and a medical company. The BSB headquarters company has a distribution
management section that receives requests, monitors incoming supplies, and
constructs, manages, and distributes configured loads.
The BSTB provides
command and control to the IBCT headquarters company, network support company
(NSC), the military intelligence and engineer companies, the military police and
chemical/biological/radiological reconnaissance platoons of the IBCT. It is
responsible for the security of all IBCT command posts and may, on order, plan,
prepare, and execute the rear area security mission.
The NSC is organic to
the IBCT and connects the unit to the global information network with satellite
and radio systems for voice, data, and video
The MI CO consists of a small headquarters
section; an integration platoon; an analysis platoon; a tactical human
intelligence (HUMINT) platoon, and an Unmanned Aircraft platoon. The tactical
HUMINT platoon enables the IBCT to conduct HUMINT collection and
counter-intelligence activities. HUMINT collection involves interrogation,
debriefing, tactical questioning, tactical source operations, and limited
document exploitation; its goal is to accurately assess the enemy.
counter-intelligence activities include assessments, analysis, preliminary
investigations, and force protection source operations. The Unmanned Aircraft
platoon operates four aerial vehicles with their supporting equipment to provide
the brigade real-time aerial imagery. The analysis and integration platoons
provide support when developing the common operating picture for the brigade
leadership, and for targeting effects. They integrate and analyze
reconnaissance and surveillance reporting across all activities in the
This company is unique to the IBCT BSTB.
The engineer company is the IBCT's primary means for mobility support and is
focused on the performance of combat engineering tasks in support of close
combat. The IBCT is augmented with additional engineer assets when
contingencies require survivability and construction, and these types of
elements will typically be initially attached to the BSTB. Additional combat
engineering capability augmenting the IBCT may be provided directly to the
infantry battalions for specific mission accomplishment. This combat engineer
company consists of two combat engineer platoons and one equipment section.